To understand better the way of writing an essay, we must be clear about the type of topic that will be addressed or even the stylistic genre of it.
While the essay is often a literary genre, the most far-reaching in recent years. It is also a type of text that can be used to deal with any type of subject, not only literary.
We find academic essays (the favorites of university professors), scientific, journalistic, philosophical essays, among others.
Although the structure of the essay, regardless of its type, is always the same, what can vary according to each type is the way in which ideas are presented. Let’s see below the structure of each type of test.
Parts of a scientific essay
In the scientific essay shows the vision that has been obtained from a scientific study or a particular scientific topic. They can be from medicine to astronomy, what matters is the mastery of the subject.
At the time of approaching a scientific essay it is necessary to take into account the type of reader that will be offered, if it is a question of professionals of the sciences it is necessary to use a technical language, with terminology proper to the area.
If the essay is about science but in turn is for all audiences, then we must use a formal language but without so many technical words, so that it can be understood by any moderately trained reader.
- Introduction: should open with the presentation of the topic and the approach of the hypothesis of work, that assumption on which the entire trial will be based.
- Development: at this point all the argumentation regarding the subject must be presented, this is based on the data obtained in the previous investigation. Both the ideas of the author and the ideas that support them and that are known as theoretical referents are plated. The development of the essay presents all the pertinent argumentation, asks questions that seeks to answer and details the scientific position on the selected topic. In the same way, the scientific essay must present textual citations on the subject that support all the arguments of the author.
- Conclusion: this point presents the final argument that encompasses the analysis of the topic and the position of the author. It is expressed in an argumentative way and seeks the approval of the reader as well as convincing him to follow the same vision and to support the above.
- References: a necessary point always at the end of all kinds of essays is the presentation of bibliographical references.
Here it is necessary to present the bibliographic data of the different theoretical referents cited throughout the essay, in the case of the scientific essay it obeys to scientific texts, studies of other authors and scientific data obtained in printed or electronic media.