The argumentative essay is a type of essay in which a theme is raised from the argument, usually seeks to defend or refute an idea on the chosen topic and for this is argued based on the ideas of other authors.
The mission of the argumentative essay is to convince the reader that our approach to the topic is the right one and therefore it is the kind of vision that should be adopted.
- Introduction: the chosen topic is proposed, for this the subject is located in a specific context, be it cultural, political, sociological, artistic or even medical. In this way the reader is placed in the situation to be treated and a preamble of the essay content is offered.
- Development: in this point all the ideas of the writer on the subject are presented, the reasons for which a theory is defended or refuted are presented and arguments are presented based on the vision of other authors whose approach must also appear in the text in the form of appointments.
For an argumentative essay to gain authority and be considered a serious work, it must contain at least 5 solid text citations on the subject we are addressing, that is, five authors who have addressed the subject, either for or against it.
From this approach we will have the basis to support our ideas and even to refute those that seem wrong to us from other authors.
An important point is also to present the whole approach in an organized way, for which subtitles can be used that allow us to treat each point of the topic with order and coherence.
The language in the argumentative essay must be formal, always taking care of the coherence between the ideas. The reader must be constantly challenged so that he is fully involved with the text.
Conclusion: at this point the final argument is presented, which closes the topic and is constructed so that the reader is immersed in the argument, inviting him to reflect on it or take a position and act accordingly to what is read .
Parts of a critical essay
Critical essay always offers the analysis of a particular topic from a critical conception. It shows the position of the author on the subject, based on the review of other sources, but always in a way that draws attention and invites to deepen on the chosen topic.
- Introduction: begins with the presentation of the thematic axis in its context and the impact it causes. Continue with the brief presentation of the author’s vision in this regard.
- Development: the author’s vision on the subject is exposed, always from a critical reflective perspective, which puts into judgment the reality observed and which seeks to sow in the reader an approach to that reality with the same criteria.
The critical essay seeks to draw attention to a topic, about the problems it generates and its impact on a specific sector, be it cultural, sociological or knowledge.
The important thing is to present an analysis that allows the reader to see the reality of the problem, its causes and consequences as well as the ways in which it could be solved or the actions that must be taken with respect to it.
Conclusion: the critical essay offers, to close, direct criticism of the subject and highlights the position of the author, inviting the reader to take it both intellectually and as an action.